VISIT | Finding A Hill Fort at Credenhill Park Wood | Herefordshire
A Woodland Wander With A History of Changing Times
A wandering woodland walk around the high point once known as Creoda's Hill in northern Herefordshire
Engage in the history of this once mightly hill fort where the ancient Iron Age folk, the Romans and then the Anglo-Saxons once exchanged position and power
Explore the archaeology, the viewpoints and the outlooks that meant this once vital place so significant overlooking the important Roman road Watling Street West
"...The vastness of history that is encapsulated on this hill known once as Creoda's Hill..."
In 1828 Charles Green, the famous aeronaut in his gas-filled balloon floated over the area north of Hereford accompanied by his chosen guests. Credenhill Camp was one of those points they saw from a great height as a tiny spot below them before they dropped from the skies in a field as darkness was falling.
For Credenhill in Herefordshire was known even then by the Georgians and Victorians of its history and its links to the Iron Age, the Romans and the ancient Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia.
Many of those who profess knowledge and love of Roman Britain may have never heard of Magnis. A Roman town built close to the tiny village of Kenchester not far from Credenhill; with the village of Bishopstone lying nearby also harbouring Roman archaeological secrets.
For we have to blame the major road known in this part of the world as Watling Street West. The Roman road which connected from Virconium (Wroxeter in Shropshire) via Bravonium (Leintwardine in Herefordshire), to Magnis and then over the River Wye to Gobannium (Abergavenny) to the Roman fortress at Isca (Caerleon) in South Wales. It ran straight past Magnis but also Credenhill. For when Summer hit these climes in Ancient Roman times, the Roman legions abandoned the city for the top of this highpoint known as Credenhill Camp, where they were stationed all summer long. Taking over occupancy from others who had been there before.
For in the Iron Age, the Dobunni tribe – part of the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of this land set up a hill fort on the top of Credenhill. Venture up there today and there are still remnants of the ditch and earthen bank. These hill forts were part of a systematic pattern across the country used for ceremony, ritual, security, power, trade and meetings.
Then along come our Roman friends from across the water. Looking to gain control and power over the tribes of Britain. The Dobunni allowed the Romans easy control of the area with open access to use the hill fort for their own security and encampment. Already fortified it would have made a perfect base for the Roman forces. Even now Roman archaeology is found scattered across this local area.
But our Roman friends disappeared when Rome called back its centurions in about the 4th century AD and so began the competitive and often bitter Anglo-Saxon period. It is perhaps one of these Saxon leaders that is to blame for Credenhill’s name – a king by the name of Creoda – Creoda’s Hill…
So whilst the Credenhill Park Wood is a rather intriguing and intrepid sort of a tree place, this point is so much more – it talks of power, of military might, of influence and of course the changing times of history.
Directions and Map |
Find Credenhill Park Wood on the edge of the village of Credenhill north-west of Hereford signposted from the main road with brown signs